Texas Music Mourns the Loss – Johnny Bush – Jerry Jeff Walker – Billy Joe Shaver

Billy Joe Shaver photo credit Texas Red Photography

The Texas music world has been hit hard within the past few days with the loss of three of our most iconic artists. While it is easy to say that the losses came as no shock due to their ages and health issues, it sent the entire Texas music industry reeling with the rapid sequence. We barely had time to draw in a deep breath and mourn one until another was gone.

2020 has been quite a year. I think that fact is indisputable. My intention here today is to pay tribute to these three men who dared to walk to their own beat and entertained millions of folks throughout their lifetimes.

Johnny Bush was the first to check out on October 16, 2020. Bush was probably most well known as the composer of the Willie Nelson theme song, “Whiskey River.” His given name was John B. Shin. It was an interesting mix-up that gave him the performing name of Johnny Bush when television announcer introduced him that way. When he went to pick up his musician’s union card, it was already typed up as Johnny Bush, so he went with it. He became a member of Ray Price’s band in 1963 and from there launched a solo career. But life was not kind to Bush. RCA signed him to their label in 1972, and in 1974 he developed a rare neurological disorder called spasmodic dysphonia. Although this did not prevent him from recording, Bush’s career began to take a downturn. He worked with a vocal coach in 1985, and was able to regain 70% of his original voice. His last public performance was to celebrate his 85th birthday in February 2020.

In his biography, Bush tells the twin stories of his life.

Jerry Jeff Walker is probably best know for his iconic song, “Mr. Bojangles.” He settled in Austin, Texas, in the 1970s, associating mainly with the outlaw country scene that included artists such as Michael Martin Murphey, Gary P. NunnWillie NelsonGuy ClarkWaylon Jennings, and Townes Van Zandt.

Photo Credit Austin American Statesman

Walker had a string of records for MCA and Elektra before he gave up on the mainstream music business and formed his own independent record label, Tried & True Music, in 1986. Another series of increasingly autobiographical records followed under the Tried & True imprint. The latest, Moon Child, brings Jerry Jeff’s album catalog to the grand total to thirty-three.

But it was his deep friendship with the legendary Hondo Crouch that truly set Walker on the path of making his own brand of Texas outlaw music. He was way ahead of his time with recording a live album, as it simply wasn’t being done in 1973.

¡Viva Terlingua! is a live progressive country album by Jerry Jeff Walker and The Lost Gonzo Band recorded August 18, 1973 at the Luckenbach Dancehall in Luckenbach, Texas, and released later that year on MCA Nashville Records. The album captures Walker’s strived-for “gonzo country” sound, a laid-back country base with notes of “outlaw” rock, blues, and traditional Mexican norteño and Tejano styles.

Mr. Gary P. Nunn shared this about the Viva Terlingua album in a recent interview with Texas Monthly.

“Jerry Jeff grabbed me and said, “I found this place down in the Hill Country, and it’s just got a lot of magic about it. And there’s a man down there, Hondo Crouch, and he’s got a lot of magic about him. And I want to go there and make a record. I can’t stand to go back into the studio with producers and engineers and studio musicians, they just don’t have the feel. They don’t have the magic in ’em.” That was the reason we went to Luckenbach in the first place, and he was absolutely right about that. 

So we went down there and we set up in the old dance hall. We set hay bales out on the dance floor to baffle what little instruments we had. We’d work from about one or two in the afternoon to midnight. It was just us and a few people hanging around. “

“The thing about it is, the Lost Gonzo Band guys, we just didn’t know what Jerry Jeff was going to do. And half the time, he didn’t really know what he was going to do. We were kind of just flying from the seat of our pants and Jerry Jeff was just on this magic edge. Gosh, we never went to sleep the whole time we were down there.”

Without a doubt, there will never be another Jerry Jeff Walker!

photo credit unknown

And last, but certainly not least, known as the working man’s poet, Billy Joe Shaver died from a massive stroke on October 28th.

I honestly don’t know where to start about this man. He had an eighth grade education. His mother worked in the honky-tonks in Waco and often Billy Joe went with her. That was where he first got acquainted with country music. He joined the military when he turned seventeen and took a job in a saw mill after his discharge. One day, his right (dominant) hand became caught in the machinery, and he lost the better part of two fingers and contracted a serious infection. He eventually recovered, and taught himself to play the guitar without those missing fingers.

It was said that sometime in the sixties, Shaver set out to hitchhike to Los Angeles. He couldn’t catch a ride, so he walked to the other side of the highway and caught a ride into Nashville.

But Billy Joe was a true songwriter. His songs told about “real” things in life. “Georgia on a Fast Train,” was semi-autobiographical. “I’ve got a good Christian raising and an eighth grade education, ain’t no need in y’all treating me this way…”

In 1973, Waylon Jennings recorded a full album of Shaver songs except for one. “Honky Tonk Heroes,” is touted as an important piece in the development of the outlaw subgenre in country music as it helped revive the honky-tonk music of Nashville by injecting a rock and roll attitude.

Shaver lost his wife, Brenda (who he’d married and divorced several times) and his mother in 1999. Then on December 31, 2000, Shaver lost his only son, Eddy to a heroine overdose.

Billy Joe Shaver lived a life that was bigger and wilder than any legend could contain. Shaver’s songs, full of wit, heart and plainspoken truths, could make listeners laugh, then cry, then laugh through the tears. 

If you are not familiar with this iconic songwriter and Texas legend, I highly suggest a visit to YouTube for a different view of life as told through the eyes of Billy Joe Shaver.

I’ll leave you with this one.

There is a gaping hole in the heart of the Texas Music world that will never be filled.

Through tear-filled eyes, I honor these men who blazed trails for others to follow for generations to come.

Taking Texas to Tennessee – Buddy Magazine

Since not everyone gets to see the Buddy Magazine publication, I decided to post a recent article I wrote after my trip to Nashville. So far, it’s getting some good attention and feedback!

A Tale of Two Music Cities Divided

By Jan Sikes

On the heels of the Ken Burns sensational documentary about the evolution of country music on PBS, the one undisputable fact is that country music has been and is a large part of American history.

At one time during that history, Nashville was the only place to go if an artist wanted to break into the business. However, over the years, that changed and Texas played a large part in that change.

It is no secret that there has been a complicated rift between Nashville and Texas music artists ever since Waylon bucked the establishment, insisting on making music his own way and Willie took his music home to Texas.

I compare it to the famous stand-off between the Hatfields and McCoys. Shots were fired, and many folks threatened, but now the dust has cleared, and hands shaken. Judging by the recent spate of Texas Musicians who’ve made the trek to the famous city to perform on the Grand Ole Opry, I’d say there is at the least, a truce. 

Could it be that the Nashville heads are watching the flourishing Texas music industry with some envy? Or perhaps they are only seeing dollar signs.

Whatever the reason, I recently had the distinct honor of witnessing something that I believe will have lasting ripple effects for years and artists to come. I traveled to Nashville along with approximately 500 other avid Texas music fans to see our legendary Texas performer, Gary P. Nunn, make his debut on the iconic Grand Ole Opry. And, it came as no surprise that Nunn performed his two mega-hits, “London Homesick Blues,” and “Last Thing I Needed The First Thing This morning.”

But the crowning moment was when Gary P. Nunn strode onto the Grand Ole Opry stage and stood in the legendary “circle” while his fans jumped to their feet to welcome him with a Texas-size display of love for their favorite artist. The significance of performing at the mother of all country music venues cannot be understated.

While it was my first real visit to the city, I enjoyed exploring the places that created and now preserves country music history from throughout the decades.

Later that evening, Nunn had this to say about the experience.

“It’s always been on my bucket list to play the Grand Ole Opry and I never really thought I’d get the chance. It’s overwhelming.”

Add in the massive amount of folks that traveled to Music City to see him, and there was no denying that Nunn was deeply touched.

“When I looked out into the audience and saw all the Texas music fans that had traveled to Nashville to share this experience with me, I couldn’t believe my eyes. I was completely blown away,” Nunn said with misty eyes.

Me and Gary P. Nunn at the After-Party in Nashville

Texas artist, Ray Wylie Hubbard, made his debut on the Grand Ole Opry on July 17 just before Nunn’s appearance on August 3.

Hubbard said, “There are certain moments in time more powerful than others. Walking onto the Grand Ole Opry stage is one of the most powerful.”

Cody Jinks made his debut on the Grand Ole Opry on August 28. He had this to say. “I was as nervous about playing the Opry as I’ve been about any show. It’s an amazing experience that’s hard to sum up. It’s just special.”

So, why is Nashville suddenly opening its arms to Texas Music artists?

I think the answer to that quintessential question is complex and can’t be answered in a few simple words.

However, The Country Music Hall of Fame Museum in Nashville could be partially responsible for the shift.

Imagine 5,000 sq. ft. of nothing but Texas music history. That’s larger than an NBA basketball court, and that is precisely what you’ll find with the “Outlaws and Armadillos – Country Music’s Roaring 70s” exhibit which resides on the third floor of the hall of fame building in downtown Nashville.

I had the honor of sitting down with exhibit co-curator, Michael Gray, in his office at the museum to talk about how this exhibit came into being.

“There is a perceived division between Texas and Tennessee. But that relationship between Nashville and Austin is maybe a little more surprising and complicated than people realize,” Gray said. “It started before the seventies when we began to see artists insist on taking charge of their music rather than having a label executive tell them what to do. But the seventies really brought it to a head when Willie left Nashville and went back home to Texas. We all know the story of how he began to play at the Armadillo World Headquarters, then contacted his friend, Waylon and invited him down. But, also at the time, even though these rebelling artists had taken their music out of Nashville, they often had to return to Nashville to record because, at the time, there were little to no studios in Texas.”

And the decades-long stand-off between Nashville and Austin grew exponentially with artists like Willie, Waylon, Bobby Bare, Gary P. Nunn, Jerry Jeff Walker, Michael Martin Murphey, Marcia Ball, Joe Ely, and many others who had a burning passion to create original music without boundaries.

Austin filmmaker, Eric Geadelmann, memorialized Texas music history in a series of documentaries, “They Called Us Outlaws,” which tells the story of Texas music directly through the artists themselves. The idea to create the “Outlaws and Armadillos – Country’s Roaring 70s” exhibit came from these documentaries.

Gray said, “Eric Geadelmann met with us about six years ago here at the hall of fame and shared that he was going to produce this documentary series about the outlaw movement in the 1970s. The Hall of Fame became an official partner with him on this series. We opened up our archives to him to help him make his film. We had an exhibit at the time in that exact same gallery that was all about the late sixties and early seventies in Nashville when Bob Dylan came to record along with all the folk and rock artists that followed him here and opened the city a little bit. So, as that exhibit grew to a close, we decided to do an exhibit that went along with Eric’s film. And that was how it all started.”

Gray went on to explain how trips back and forth between Austin and Nashville set it all in motion. And they weren’t just satisfied to explore and feature the music artists, but also the great visual artists who helped create a brand. Among those were Jim Franklin, known far and wide for his outrageous poster designs for the Armadillo World Headquarters, Micael Priest who designed the first poster for Willie Nelson’s 4th of July picnic, and Ken Featherston who created iconic posters for various Austin events and venues.  

Franklin designed the logo for the “Outlaws and Armadillos Country’s Roaring 70s exhibit.”

Over time, the Nashville museum curators met with numerous people in Texas as they gathered donations from family members, friends of these legendary artists to be used in the display.

The result is a comprehensive tribute to that special period of time when music artists embraced a newfound freedom of expression. This was the true emergence of singer/songwriters. No longer was the artist required by label heads to sing someone else’s songs. They took this creative power to write, publish and produce their own music. You only have to look back to recognize that the music speaks for itself.  

Not only is The Outlaws and Armadillos exhibit a fantastic display of artifacts, but it is educational as well. And it brings together the undeniable fact the impact the Outlaw Movement had on the direction of Country Music forever.

A large part of the exhibit is in photographs from music historians such as Chet Flippo, Ron McKeown, Joe Nick Potoski, Dave Hickey, Michael Bane, Jan Reid, and Kimmie Rhodes.

The exhibit is so large it is next to impossible to see everything in a few hours. I would like to have had the entire day to spend absorbing the rich and vibrant history of the Outlaw Movement.

The bottom line is that there is a shift. The tale between two cities seems to be morphing, and no longer are the Texas music artists looked down on by Nashville as the ugly stepsisters of country music.

In fact, the tale of two cities, in which music amounts to a way of life for a substantial number of the populace, is often reduced to a simple division of Nashville executives and Texas artists, when the story of the relationship is more complex and diverse.

While the ending to that story remains to be written, for now, the plot, premise, and characters are taking a new direction, carving out new roads, and taking millions of fans along.

Our beloved Texas music artists are getting to enjoy a monumental juncture in their careers by walking onto the Grand Ole Opry stage, as honored guests, and standing inside the historic and coveted circle. The place at the table has gotten much bigger, and I say it’s high time!

And, as each of the artists I spoke to expressed, there is nothing that compares. It is a dream come true. And for Texas music fans, it’s a great opportunity to explore Nashville and the rich music history it has to offer, like standing in the footsteps of so many greats who left a clearly marked path for others to follow.

An undeniable shiver ran up my spine when I stood in the middle of the famed circle on the Grand Ole Opry stage and imagined Hank Williams singing, “I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry.”  

When Nashville invited, Texas responded. By taking Texas to Tennessee, and Nashville opening its arms to iconic Texas musicians, are we perhaps seeing the end of the musical gulf that has separated the two for so long? Stay tuned!

Traveling – Nashville

For as many years as I’ve been involved in the world of music, I have never been to Nashville, Tennessee.

So while you are reading this, I am winding up my stay. Comments are disabled as I will be on the road and can’t respond.

My itinerary:

Arrive in Nashville on Friday, August 2nd.

Friday night, a trolley tour scheduled called the “Soul of Music City Night Tour!”

Then Saturday we will tour the Johnny Cash Museum and the old Ryman Auditorium, with a destination of the Grand Ole Opry for a backstage tour at 3:30.

Then back to the Grand Ole Opry at 7 pm for a very special show for all of us Texas music fans.

Gary P. Nunn will be 74 years old in December and his music career has spanned over four decades, but his show at the Grand Ole Opry on Saturday, August 3rd is his debut at the historic venue!

There are over 800 people traveling from Texas to Tennessee to see him perform there. Isn’t that amazing? There will be a fun after-party at the Opryland Hotel and I will be there for sure!

Then on Sunday, I will tour the Country Music Hall of Fame specifically to see their exhibit, “Outlaws and Armadillos,” featuring Texas music artists, and including photos taken by my awesome editor, Ronald McKeown of Buddy Magazine!

Me and Ron McKeown

I will be covering this journey for Buddy Magazine! And, I already have a working title for the piece: “Taking Texas to Tennessee!”

I am so grateful to have the opportunity for this adventure!